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As stated by Alexandra Kirtley in Survival of the Fittest: The Lloyd Family’s Furniture Legacy, American
Furniture 2002; “Silver served as one of the most potent symbols of the Lloyds’ wealth, social status and
taste”. Much of the decoration on the silver alludes to the Lloyds’ wealth deriving from wheat farming and
fertile ground.21 This use of wheat husks to denote fertility and wealth is prominent throughout the carved
bed canopy.
Much of the inspiration for the Cadwalader furniture, its form and decoration, is derived from the Lloyd
family furniture and silver. Cadwalader’s father in law, Edward Lloyd III was a strong loyalist who
patronised the best  London craftsmen.
The London silversmiths Thomas Whipham and Charles Wright supplied Lloyd with a large silver tea and
coffee service in 1763. The highly ornate rococo decoration of this prestigious service may well have
inspired much of the Cadwalader furniture. 
The service was given to Elizabeth Lloyd as part of her dowry upon her marriage to John Cadwalader in
1768.  Upon the death of Edward Lloyd III, on 27th January 1770, the Cadwaladers inherited some of his
finest furniture including a high post mahogany bedstead and a settee bed22. Presumably these were some
of the finest pieces as they resided in the Colonel’s bedroom. This furniture may also have been inspira-
tional in the Philadelphia designs.
Finial for the Lloyd teapot (left); finial for a Cadwalader pole screen (right).